In logistics, especially in the last mile sector, it is important
to consider future government regulations and plan accordingly. This article
will cover upcoming climate, environment, and waste regulations within the UK
according to a 2022 publication by the Local Government Association (LGA). Freight
transport is around one third of all overall emissions from transport with road
freight being about 77% of it. To combat these environmental effects,
authorities are looking into more sustainable solutions within last mile
delivery. This includes a research project which will inform a UK Transport
Decarbonization Plan to help decarbonize transport by 2050.
In the project, 5 key challenges were identified in relation
to last mile deliveries:
Increased traffic congestion
Financial viability of alternative models
Increased traffic congestion is due to more vans and
cars adding to air pollution.
Financial viability of alternative models refers to
the potential for freight consolidation centres and cleaner vehicles which can
be difficult to initially adopt. In the beginning stage, government financial
support is normally needed.
Rural/urban divide speaks to the varying requirements
and solutions between the different areas.
Significant scale is required for new initiatives. Approximately
3 billion parcels are sent per year which makes establishing sustainable last
mile delivery an essential part of upcoming plans.
Ingrained behaviours include customer willingness to
pay for more sustainable products and deliveries, educating and training end
customers, and stakeholders implementing more sustainable practices.
From the project, 5 key solutions were brought up:
E-cargo bikes and micro consolidation
Compulsory consolidation centres
Smaller electric vehicles for rural areas
Road pricing for last mile deliveries
Pricing to disincentivize rapid delivery
E-cargo bikes and micro consolidation looks to reduce
the amount of vans on the road.
Compulsory consolidation centres can be created with
Smaller electric vehicles for rural areas can be a
clean solution for deliveries.
Road pricing for last mile deliveries including
buying more sustainable items and potentially slower delivery times for the
consolidation of goods.
Beyond just the UK, there is a growing need for more sustainable
deliveries globally. The LGA has shown that the government must be involved in
local freight measures. This includes when there must be changes implemented in
existing or new regulations or legislations.